Fifty years ago, Milton Friedman published his landmark work The Social Responsibility Of Business Is to Increase Its Profits in The New York Times Magazine.  A reaction against the surging support for social justice in 1970, the essay would go on to influence the course of economics and corporate governance for the next half century.
Friedman’s argument is rather simple. In a business, decisions are made by managers employed by the owners of the business. Managers thus have a contract to run the business consistent with the objectives of its owners. In some cases, a business may be established by its owners for social, environmental, or other charitable purposes. For non-charitable businesses, according to Friedman, the owners want the business to make as much money as possible. The power of Friedman’s argument is it gives managers a simple model for decisions: maximize profit.
This optimization model lies at the heart of the modern corporation. It is the pacemaker of shareholder capitalism. New insights from the science of complexity, however, are showing this pacemaker has a flaw.
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The Jin Nui Zou is an oil tanker owned by the China Shipping Tanker Company Ltd.  On September 5th, 2019 the vessel entered the Port of Dalian oil terminal in Northeast China. Dalian is the headquarters of two subsidiaries of COSCO shipping which were sanctioned by the U.S. government for importing Iranian crude oil. 
Sandy is annoyed at being enveloped by the frigid air as he stepped into the warehouse. Dust, floating in daylight rays coming thru skylights, gave true atmosphere to this warehouse, as if you would expect chilled fog in the early morning as a matter of course, a unique bio-climate.
How does a large firm, let alone a small business, increase its supply chain capacity to better serve its customers? CAPEX investments in new manufacturing plants, logistics fleet, or enterprise technologies are costly upgrades. If a firm does not have sufficient cash to pay for these upgrades due to outstanding account receivables, one trending financial recourse — exacerbated by the pandemic no doubt — is to increase assets through supply chain financing.